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时间:2019-12-28 16:20来源:轩宇艺术 作者:xuanyu 点击:
今天,小编来和大家聊聊粮票,这个作为上个世纪五十年代到八十年代的中国第二货币,是如何产生与退出市场的。接下来,我们先来了解其历史背景。 Today, Xiaobian comes to talk with you


Today, Xiaobian comes to talk with you about how grain stamps, the second currency in China from 1950s to 1980s, came into being and quit the market. Next, let's get to know its historical background.

粮票是20世纪50年代至85年代中国在特定经济时期发放的一种购粮凭证。 中国最早实行的票证种类是粮票、食用油票、布票等。粮票作为一种实际的有价证券,在中国使用达40多年。

Food stamps are a kind of purchase certificate issued by China in the specific economic period from 1950s to 1985s. The earliest types of tickets in China are grain tickets, edible oil tickets and cloth tickets. As a practical securities, grain stamps have been used in China for more than 40 years.

其实除了中国,苏联、美国、越南、朝鲜等国家都有发行过粮票,只是数量与规模上与中国无法比较。中国的粮票种类数量有“世界之最”之称,全国2500多个市县,还有一些镇、乡都分别发放和使用了各种粮票,进行计划供应,还有一些大企业、厂矿、农场、学校、政府、机关等单位。另外,有些发行于解放战争时期的公粮票。最早实行凭票证供应的就是粮食。新中国成立初期,物资极度匮乏,粮食自然无法做到敞开供应。中央政府开始酝酿粮食的计划供应,以满足全国人民的温饱。1953 年,中央政府决定实行粮食统购统销政策,包括粮食计划收购政策,粮食计划供应政策,1955 25 日,国务院全体会议第17 次会议通过《市镇粮食定量供应凭证印制暂行办法》,紧接着,国家粮食部向全国发布这一暂行办法,很快,各种粮食票证便铺天盖地地进入社会。票证发放虽然很多,但是仍然不能涵盖所有商品。因此,在票证之外,又发了各种购货本,如粮食本、副食本、煤炭本等等。至于购买工业品,国家还发放了工业券。到商店购买自己所需要的商品,需要交一定数量的工业券。大件、贵重的商品,又有自行车票、缝纫机票、手表票等。虽说粮票被人们称之为中国第二种货币,但毕竟粮票只是当时粮食紧缺时代下需承担粮食分配功能而诞生的产物。随着中国经济逐渐告诉发展,粮票也就渐渐退出历史的舞台。

In fact, in addition to China, the Soviet Union, the United States, Vietnam, North Korea and other countries have issued food stamps, but the number and scale can not be compared with China. The number of grain tickets in China is known as "the most in the world". More than 2,500 cities and counties in the country, as well as some towns and townships, have issued and used various kinds of grain tickets for planned supply. There are also some large enterprises, factories, mines, farms, schools, government and other institutions. In addition, some public grain stamps were issued during the War of Liberation. Food was the earliest voucher supply. In the early days of the founding of New China, there was an extreme shortage of materials, and grain could not be supplied openly. The central government has begun to develop a planned supply of grain to meet the needs of the people of the whole country. In 1953, the central government decided to implement the policy of grain purchasing and marketing, including the policy of grain purchasing and supply. On August 25, 1955, the 17th plenary meeting of the State Council adopted the Interim Measures for the Printing of Certificates of Quantitative Food Supply in Towns and Towns. Then, the Ministry of Food issued this interim policy to the whole country. Approaches, soon, all kinds of food tickets will overwhelmingly enter society. Although there are many tickets issued, they still can not cover all commodities. Therefore, besides the tickets, various purchase books have been issued, such as grain books, non-staple food books, coal books and so on. As for the purchase of industrial products, the state also issued industrial vouchers. A certain amount of industrial vouchers are required to buy the goods they need in the shops. Big and valuable goods, as well as bicycle tickets, sewing tickets, watches and other tickets. Although food stamps were called the second currency in China, they were only the product of the grain distribution function in the era of food shortage at that time. As China's economy gradually tells the develop

1978年的第十一届三中全会后,国家渐渐控制粮票的发行量,统一限量供应粮食和食用油票,在1984年,深圳市作为第一个取消一切票证,粮食、猪肉、棉布、食油等商品敞开供应,价格放开。深圳人率先过上了不用粮本、粮票的日子。粮价放开后,激活了其他商品的流通,促进了农民生产积极性,粮食产量显著增长。1993 年,粮油实现敞开供应,粮票已无用武之地,被正式宣告停止使用,长达近40 年的“票证经济”就此落幕,老百姓再也不用为找不到粮票发愁了。随着社会的发展,它虽退出了历史舞台,但却成为收藏者的新宠。在现今收藏市场上,粮票作为一个上世纪五十年代到八十年代的时代产物,为中国当时食物分配作为极大贡献,缓解了当时中国食物紧缺以及抑制市场经济通货膨胀。因此其本身具备着极重的历史意义性,在收藏品市场上,一跃成为了众人所爱。但由于其在上世纪80年代左右便退出历史舞台,以至于目前存世量不多,导致其价值一直不停上涨,变成了可遇不可求的存在。

After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee in 1978, the State gradually controlled the issuance of food stamps and uniformly limited the supply of food and cooking oil tickets. In 1984, Shenzhen was the first city to cancel all tickets. Food, pork, cotton cloth, cooking oil and other commodities were supplied openly and prices were liberalized. Shenzhen people took the lead in not using grain books and food stamps. After the liberalization of grain prices, the circulation of other commodities has been activated, farmers'enthusiasm for production has been promoted, and grain output has increased significantly. In 1993, when grain and oil were supplied openly, food stamps were officially declared useless, and the "ticket economy" which lasted for nearly 40 years ended. People no longer had to worry about finding food stamps. With the development of society, it has withdrawn from the stage of history, but it has become a new favorite of collectors. In today's collection market, food stamps, as a product of the 1950s to 1980s, contributed greatly to the food distribution in China at that time, alleviated the food shortage in China at that time and curbed market economy inflation. Therefore, it has a very important historical significance. In the collection market, it has become popular. But because of its withdrawal from the stage of history in the 1980s or so, there is not much of it in the world at present, which leads to its value continuously rising and becoming an unexpected existence.



Xuanyu art has the honor to obtain the highest value group of food stamps, which are the national general food stamps in 1966, a total of 10. The ten food stamps are well preserved and intact, and their value is beyond words. The sixties edition of the national general food stamps is well known to all. It can be called the synonym of food stamps in people's mind. Accompanied by millions of people for nearly 28 years, her brilliant image has been deeply remembered in the minds of generations.



Today, collecting food stamps is not just about preserving the traces of that hard time. Importantly, food stamps have high economic value and appreciation value. What is more important is to recall the past, study and recall that particular period of history. As a result, its value has remained high in today's collection market.


Enriching artistic life and transferring artistic value! If you are interested in this group of food stamps, please contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) Art Media Co., Ltd.


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